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Bug #14972

Updated by joshc (Josh C) over 1 year ago

If chunked transfer encoding is used, and the peer closes the connection while the caller is reading data, then the `Net::HTTP::Response#read_body` method will raise `EOFError`. If chunked transfer encoding is not used (and an explicit `Content-Length` is used instead), the `read_body` method swallows the `EOFError` exception. I would expect `read_body` to raise EOFError if it reads fewer than `Content-Length` bytes.

The current behavior is explained by the `ignore_eof` parameter in https://github.com/ruby/ruby/blob/v2_4_3/lib/net/http/response.rb#L284-L301. However, RFC 7230 section 3.3.3 https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7230#section-3.3.3 says:

~~~
5. If a valid Content-Length header field is present without
Transfer-Encoding, its decimal value defines the expected message
body length in octets. If the sender closes the connection or
the recipient times out before the indicated number of octets are
received, the recipient MUST consider the message to be
incomplete and close the connection.
~~~

As it is now, if chunked encoding is not used, then the caller is unaware when the response body is truncated. In order to detect it, the caller must count the number of bytes read until `Content-Length` is reached. However, that means you can't use ruby's automatic decompression, because `Content-Length` is the number of compressed bytes, while `read_body` yields chunks of uncompressed data.

Here's sample code to reproduce. Run the following http server. Note chunked is currently false, true, but can be toggled.

~~~
require 'webrick'

server = WEBrick::HTTPServer.new :Port => 8000
trap 'INT' do
server.shutdown
end

# toggle this
chunked = false

server.mount_proc '/' do |req, res|
res.status = 200
res['Content-Type'] = 'text/plain'

str = "0123456789" * 10000
res.body = str
if chunked
res.chunked = true
else
res['Content-Length'] = str.length
end
end

server.start
~~~

Run the following http client code. In order to simulate a closed connection, the block raises EOFError.
~~~
require 'net/http'
require 'uri'

uri = URI("http://localhost:8000/")
Net::HTTP.start(uri.host, uri.port) do |http|
http.request_get(uri.path) do |response|
response.read_body do |chunk|
puts "Read #{chunk.length} bytes"
raise EOFError.new("whoops")
end
end
end
puts "EOF was silently caught"
~~~

When chunked encoding is used, the exception is properly raised. I believe ruby is retrying the request because `GET` is idempotent:

~~~
$ ruby --version
ruby 2.4.3p205 (2017-12-14 revision 61247) [x86_64-darwin15]
$ ruby client.rb
Content-Length:
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Read 16377 bytes
Content-Length:
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Read 16377 bytes
client.rb:11:in `block (3 levels) in <main>': whoops (EOFError)
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/protocol.rb:429:in `call_block'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/protocol.rb:420:in `<<'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/protocol.rb:122:in `read'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http/response.rb:322:in `read_chunked'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http/response.rb:286:in `block in read_body_0'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http/response.rb:278:in `inflater'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http/response.rb:283:in `read_body_0'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http/response.rb:204:in `read_body'
from client.rb:9:in `block (2 levels) in <main>'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http.rb:1455:in `block in transport_request'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http/response.rb:165:in `reading_body'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http.rb:1454:in `transport_request'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http.rb:1416:in `request'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http.rb:1317:in `request_get'
from client.rb:6:in `block in <main>'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http.rb:877:in `start'
from /usr/local/opt/rbenv/versions/2.4.3/lib/ruby/2.4.0/net/http.rb:608:in `start'
from client.rb:5:in `<main>'
~~~

When chunked encoding is not used, the exception is not raised:

~~~
ruby client.rb
Content-Length: 100000
Transfer-Encoding:
Read 0 bytes
EOF was silently caught
~~~

I verified the behavior exists as far back as ruby 1.9.3p551. It was introduced in https://github.com/ruby/ruby/commit/cdc7602379c9d911983db2c044d69ac417869266#diff-8c2ab8e0fb4f052e1d95ab6334e192c1R949.

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