X509 certificate incorrectly loaded (because of try-pem-first-else-asn1)
Ruby's openssl extension tries to load certificates as PEM format first, and on failure will try to do DER / ASN1. The PEM format loading ignores junk in the beginning and end of the given buffer, which can lead to a DER certificate being incorrectly loaded. This occurs on 1.9.3 and 2.2.0.
More concretely this occurs in the wild when a server certificate has a X509 extension comment that includes another certificate in PEM format. Example below.
To fix this, one could allow the user to optionally specify the format, and do DER directly if specified. That would keep things backwards compatible and allow these certificates to be correctly parsed.
Ruby script to show the bug/problem - http://pastebin.com/Q7ap7FjN
I currently patched my ruby version (1.9.3) like this: http://pastebin.com/HzyyAm0p
Thanks for feedback and incorporating the patch / a similar solution for this into Ruby.
Updated by rep (Mark Schloesser) over 7 years ago
My patch means you can load the certificate like this:
x509 = OpenSSL::X509::Certificate.new(cert, "DER")
I guess having some module level constants for this (
FILETYPE_ASN1) would be better. Sadly I'm not a ruby guy by day, and I'd appreciate if someone cleans this up to be more clean :)
Updated by jeremyevans0 (Jeremy Evans) almost 2 years ago
- Backport deleted (
1.9.3: UNKNOWN, 2.0.0: UNKNOWN, 2.1: UNKNOWN)
- Status changed from Assigned to Feedback
- File nested-asn1-9504.patch nested-asn1-9504.patch added
I worked on implementing support for adding a :format keyword to
OpenSSL::X509::Certificate#initialize, allowing you to specify
format: :der if you didn't want to try loading it as a PEM. A patch for that is attached (for the ruby-openssl repository).
For the certificate provided, using LibreSSL 3.0.0, both
d2i_X509_bio with the certificate return NULL, with the OpenSSL error: "nested asn1 error". Are you actually able to get the certificate to work with a modern version of OpenSSL or LibreSSL?