## First principles of Euclid: an introduction to the study of the first book of Euclid's Elements |

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Resultat 1-5 av 77

Side 6

... of the propositions , and Euclid's

... of the propositions , and Euclid's

**proofs**, and at the same time to make his Elements a more satisfactory book for school use . Gradually I adopted the plan developed in this little book , and found that it acted like a charm . Side 7

The

The

**proof**is then given in contracted syllogisms as nearly as possible in the words of Euclid . In the next place the book is divided into three parts . Part I. treats only of the Problems of Euclid as far as proposition 23. Side 8

Nothing is more common than for a child to flounder through the

Nothing is more common than for a child to flounder through the

**proof**of a theorem with only the vaguest notion of what he is trying to prove . Thick black type has been employed to bring the more important parts of each problem clearly ... Side 13

But in both cases a

But in both cases a

**proof**is required . Thus in a problem , it is not enough to do what is required to be done . We must also prove , by syllogisms , that it is done . Every proposition , whether problem or theorem , consists of two ... Side 16

... then point B will coincide with point D. :

... then point B will coincide with point D. :

**Proof**. Let the point A fall on C , and the line AB on CD . D Ist Syllogism . Lines which are equal coincide ( Axiom 8a ) . A B and C D are equal ( given ) . ( a ) .### Hva folk mener - Skriv en omtale

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### Vanlige uttrykk og setninger

A B is equal ABCD angle A B C angle A CD angle ABC angle AGH angle B A C angle BAC angle BCD angle contained angle EDF angles equal assumed Axiom Axiom 2a base B C bisected called centre circle circumference coincide conclusion Construction definition describe draw enunciations of Euc equal angles equal to A B equal to angle equilateral triangle EXERCISE exterior angle fall figure given point given straight line Given.-The greater than angle Hence included angle Join less Let us suppose letters line A B major premiss meet parallel parallelogram Particular Enunciation produced Proof proposition prove that angle Repeat.-The enunciations Required.—To prove right angles side A C sides equal square standing Syllogism THEOREM Euclid thing third triangle ABC unequal whole

### Populære avsnitt

Side 83 - If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and one side equal to one side, viz. either the sides adjacent to the equal...

Side 18 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.

Side 66 - If, from the ends of the side of a triangle, there be drawn two straight lines to a point within the triangle, these shall be less than, the other two sides of the triangle, but shall contain a greater angle. Let...

Side 34 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a Right Angle; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a Perpendicular to it.

Side 94 - Upon the same base, and on the same side of it, there cannot be two triangles that have their sides which are terminated in one extremity of' the base, equal to one another, and likewise those which are terminated in the other extremity.

Side 88 - THE angles at the base of an isosceles triangle are equal to one another : and, if the equal sides be produced, the angles upon the other side of the base shall be equal.

Side 104 - If a straight line falling upon two other straight lines, make the exterior angle equal to the interior and opposite upon the same side of the line ; or make the interior angles upon the same side together equal to two right angles ; the two straight lines shall be parallel to one another.

Side 142 - If the square described upon one of the sides of a triangle, be equal to the squares described upon the other two sides of it ; the angle contained by these two sides is a right angle.

Side 51 - If, at a point in a straight line, two other straight lines, upon the opposite sides of it, make the adjacent angles together equal to two right angles, these two straight lines shall be in one and the same straight line.

Side 133 - To a given straight line to apply a parallelogram, which shall be equal to a given triangle, and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle.