Bug #18269


trace_opt_not and trace_opt_regexpmatch2 insns are indistinguishable

Added by mame (Yusuke Endoh) over 2 years ago. Updated 11 months ago.

Target version:


On some platforms and compiler tool chain, RubyVM::ISeq#to_a shows a wrong instruction.

set_trace_func( { })

iseq = RubyVM::InstructionSequence.compile("/true/ =~ 'true'")
pp iseq.to_a.last
# expected:
#=> [1,
#    [:putobject, /true/],
#    [:putstring, "true"],
#    [:opt_regexpmatch2, {:mid=>:=~, :flag=>16, :orig_argc=>1}],
#    [:leave]]

# actual:
#=> [1,
#    [:putobject, /true/],
#    [:putstring, "true"],
#    [:opt_not, {:mid=>:=~, :flag=>16, :orig_argc=>1}],
#    [:leave]]

In this case, opt_regexpmatch2 is a correct insn, but actually opt_not is printed.

This is caused by the fix of #14870. 48c8df9e0eb295af06d593ce37ce1933c0ee1d90 made almost all traced and optimized instructions (trace_opt_* insns) delegate to opt_send_without_block. Under some conditions, GCC seems to merge them to one code block because the bodies of trace_opt_* instructions are all identical. I'm unsure why, but in this case, only the pair of trace_opt_not and trace_opt_regexpmatch2 is merged, and their addresses in direct-threaded code are now indistinguishable.

Fortunately, there seems to be no path to revert trace_* insn to its original (non-trace) version, except RubyVM::ISeq#to_a. (YJIT might be also affected because it uses rb_vm_insn_addr2opcode, but I'm unsure.)
So, AFAIK, this is not a significant problem, at the present time. However, this will bring trouble if we attempt to revert trace_* insn in future.

Some tests of MJIT use RubyVM::ISeq#to_a to check if the insn that the test targets is correctly tested. This leads to false positive warnings:

[20397/21172] TestJIT#test_compile_insn_opt_regexpmatch2
/home/chkbuild/chkbuild/tmp/build/20211026T020530Z/ruby/test/ruby/test_jit.rb:599: warning: 'opt_regexpmatch2' insn is not included in the script. Actual insns are: putobject putstring opt_not leave

/home/chkbuild/chkbuild/tmp/build/20211026T020530Z/ruby/test/ruby/test_jit.rb:600: warning: 'opt_regexpmatch2' insn is not included in the script. Actual insns are: putstring putobject opt_not leave
 = 0.58 s

@jeremyevans0 (Jeremy Evans) @k0kubun (Takashi Kokubun) Do you have any idea to fix this issue?

Actions #1

Updated by mame (Yusuke Endoh) over 2 years ago

  • Description updated (diff)

Updated by jeremyevans0 (Jeremy Evans) over 2 years ago

I guess one option would be to have each of the optimized trace instructions use code specific to each instruction, so that the compiler would never merge the instructions. @k0kubun (Takashi Kokubun), do you think that would make sense? I'm not sure what code should be used in that case, though.

Updated by k0kubun (Takashi Kokubun) over 2 years ago

No matter how we implement it (making each instruction unique, telling the compiler to not perform de-duplication if possible, etc.), one direction would be to make every address of trace instructions unique like you suggested. I would need to investigate some compiler macro or trick to force duplicate the same code for different insns since I don't have immediate knowledge to make that happen in GCC.

Another direction could be to have an st (or just an array with the size of insns) for each iseq and optionally insert mapping from such insn index to the original insn to it and use it for the reverse translation.

The trade-off here is that the former approach is more memory-efficient and the latter approach is platform-independent and potentially faster since it would continue to maintain a nice code locality.

Updated by mame (Yusuke Endoh) over 2 years ago

FYI: I stopped the false-positive warning by explicitly excluding opt_regexpmatch2 from the check.

Actions #5

Updated by jeremyevans0 (Jeremy Evans) 11 months ago

  • Status changed from Open to Closed

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