## Bug #7724

### 6 bugs with Range#bsearch over floats

**Description**

Take the following code, with from, to and search all Integer or all Float:

(from...to).bsearch{|f| f >= search}

I expected it to:

0) never yield and return nil if range is empty, i.e. from >= to ("trivial test")

1) never yield more than 65 times for floats

or Math.log(to-from, 2)+1 for Integer ("log test")

2) return search if from <= search < to, nil otherwise ("coverage test")

3) never yield the same `f`

("uniqueness test")

4) if range is exclusive, never yield `to`

nor return `to`

; if range is inclusive and block returns false always yield `to`

("end of range test")

5) never yield a number < from or > to ("out of range test")

These conditions are all respected for Integers but all can be broken for Floats

Test 0, 1, 3, 4 & 5 fail even for small ordinary float values, while test 2 requires some larger floats, say 1e100 to fail.

For example bsearch can yield over 2000 times (instead of at most 65).

These tests and a correct Ruby implementation of bsearch can be found here: https://github.com/marcandre/backports/compare/marcandre:master...marcandre:bsearch

My implementation also passes the MRI tests.

#### Updated by naruse (Yui NARUSE) about 7 years ago

**Status**changed from*Open*to*Assigned***Assignee**set to*mame (Yusuke Endoh)*

#### Updated by mame (Yusuke Endoh) about 7 years ago

**Assignee**changed from*mame (Yusuke Endoh)*to*marcandre (Marc-Andre Lafortune)*

Thanks Marc-Andre!

But I'm very sorry that I'll have no enough time to pursue this issues.

Could you please create a patch for C implementation?

Notice that the current implementation does NOT assume that the internal

representation of double is IEEE 754. Please do not depend on it but

use C's constants about double, such as FLT_RADIX and DBL_MANT_DIG.

--

Yusuke Endoh mame@tsg.ne.jp

#### Updated by marcandre (Marc-Andre Lafortune) about 7 years ago

mame (Yusuke Endoh) wrote:

Thanks Marc-Andre!

But I'm very sorry that I'll have no enough time to pursue this issues.

Could you please create a patch for C implementation?

Sure, I'll do it.

Notice that the current implementation does NOT assume that the internal

representation of double is IEEE 754. Please do not depend on it but

use C's constants about double, such as FLT_RADIX and DBL_MANT_DIG.

Actually, I don't think there is need to know how many bits are used for the mantissa vs exponent; I only need to know that double is represented with exponent bits then by mantissa bits. Apart from VAX (which had strange byte ordering, but we don't support), I believe this to be true.

So floatings can be seen as [exp, mantissa], thus have the same ordering as the the corresponding integers (forgetting about the sign). I.e. (double)(++(int64_t)a_float) is the smallest float strictly greater than a_float (assuming 0 <= a_float < infinity)

Do we have a list of non IEEE architectures we're hoping to support? Are there systems where sizeof(double) != sizeof(int_64_t)?

#### Updated by marcandre (Marc-Andre Lafortune) about 7 years ago

**Status**changed from*Assigned*to*Closed***% Done**changed from*0*to*100*

This issue was solved with changeset r38978.

Marc-Andre, thank you for reporting this issue.

Your contribution to Ruby is greatly appreciated.

May Ruby be with you.

- range.c: Fix Range#bsearch for floats [Bug #7724]